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[请教]COPYRIGHT

[複製鏈接]

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拿督

發表於 2006-8-11 15:22:26 |顯示全部樓層
想更加了解COPYRIGHT, TRADEMARK,ALL RIGHT RESERVED的意思.


通常在设计成品(如卡片)都可以看到有©,在公司品牌(如麦当劳)有™或®的标志.


有什分别?


可以参考以下网站(我读了还是不明白)
http://www.mipc.gov.my/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=48&Itemid=51



谢谢. [smilie=hbc_006.gif]

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鼻毛可鼻

發表於 2006-8-11 15:40:33 |顯示全部樓層

Re: [请教]COPYRIGHT

[quote:28009bc67a="liu6"]想更加了解COPYRIGHT, TRADEMARK,ALL RIGHT RESERVED的意思.


通常在设计成品(如卡片)都可以看到有©,在公司品牌(如麦当劳)有™或®的标志.


有什分别?


可以参考以下网站(我读了还是不明白)
http://www.mipc.gov.my/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=48&Itemid=51



谢谢. [smilie=hbc_006.gif][/quote]

TreadeMark=注册商标=™
就是把logo给注册掉啦,
不过,注册,说就是很简单,可是一旦呈交上去给有关部门,整个过程需要一两年或更久的时间(金钱也是拉,起码要几千块)。
为什么要酱久?
就是要彻底的搜索看该公司的logo是不是重复了,或违反了logo注册的条规等。

另一方面,若某个注册了的商标被盗用,而盗用的人被抓到,
那么,凡是盗用该商标的收入都是属于注册者的。

还有,就是招牌方面的东西。
在怡保的地方政府的规定下,所有招牌若有中文字的话,
必须:一定要有马来文字,中文字体比马来文字小,马来文字必须在中文字的上面。

若商标注册了的话,
你就可以把整个logo做招牌,而不必遵守以上条规了。
你想一想KFG,McD等的招牌就会明白啦。

p/s 另外两个,给我点点时间。
四眼仔,有耳仔。

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拿督

發表於 2006-8-11 15:42:24 |顯示全部樓層
哈,慢慢来,甭急...

thanks [smilie=hbc_089.gif]

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鼻毛可鼻

發表於 2006-8-11 16:10:10 |顯示全部樓層
wiki®的解释

搞糊涂了,这个跟™很像 :[ks110]:

补充:wiki™英文解释
四眼仔,有耳仔。

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太平局紳

發表於 2006-8-11 16:36:24 |顯示全部樓層
What Is a Copyright?

Copyright is a form of protection provided to the authors of "original works of authorship" including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works, both published and unpublished. The 1976 Copyright Act generally gives the owner of copyright the exclusive right to reproduce the copyrighted work, to prepare derivative works, to distribute copies or phonorecords of the copyrighted work, to perform the copyrighted work publicly, or to display the copyrighted work publicly.

The copyright protects the form of expression rather than the subject matter of the writing. For example, a description of a machine could be copyrighted, but this would only prevent others from copying the description; it would not prevent others from writing a description of their own or from making and using the machine. Copyrights are registered by the Copyright Office of the Library of Congress.



What Is a Trademark or Servicemark?

A trademark is a word, name, symbol or device which is used in trade with goods to indicate the source of the goods and to distinguish them from the goods of others. A servicemark is the same as a trademark except that it identifies and distinguishes the source of a service rather than a product. The terms "trademark" and "mark" are commonly used to refer to both trademarks and servicemarks.

Trademark rights may be used to prevent others from using a confusingly similar mark, but not to prevent others from making the same goods or from selling the same goods or services under a clearly different mark. Trademarks which are used in interstate or foreign commerce may be registered with the Patent and Trademark Office. The registration procedure for trademarks and general information concerning trademarks is described in a separate pamphlet entitled "Basic Facts about Trademarks".



What Is a Patent?

A patent for an invention is the grant of a property right to the inventor, issued by the Patent and Trademark Office. The term of a new patent is 20 years from the date on which the application for the patent was filed in the United States or, in special cases, from the date an earlier related application was filed, subject to the payment of maintenance fees. US patent grants are effective only within the US, US territories, and US possessions.

The right conferred by the patent grant is, in the language of the statute and of the grant itself, "the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, or selling" the invention in the United States or "importing" the invention into the United States. What is granted is not the right to make, use, offer for sale, sell or import, but the right to exclude others from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing the invention.

(Excerpted from General Information Concerning Patents, U.S. Patent and Trademark Office website)



Some additional differences between a copyright and a trademark are as follows:

1.   The purpose of a copyright is to protect works of authorship as fixed in a tangible form of expression. Thus, copyright covers: a) works of art (2 or 3 dimensional), b) photos, pictures, graphic designs, drawings and other forms of images; c) songs, music and sound recordings of all kinds; d) books, manuscripts, publications and other written works; and e) plays, movies, shows, and other performance arts.

2.   The purpose of a trademark is to protect words, phrases and logos used in federally regulated commerce to identify the source of goods and/or services.

3.   There may be occasions when both copyright and trademark protection are desired with respect to the same business endeavor. For example, a marketing campaign for a new product may introduce a new slogan for use with the product, which also appears in advertisements for the product. However, copyright and trademark protection will cover different things. The advertisement's text and graphics, as published in a particular vehicle, will be covered by copyright - but this will not protect the slogan as such. The slogan may be protected by trademark law, but this will not cover the rest of the advertisement. If you want both forms of protection, you will have to perform both types of registration.

4.   If you are interested in protecting a title, slogan, or other short word phrase, generally you want a trademark. Copyright law does not protect a bare phrase, slogan, or trade name.

5.   Whether an image should be protected by trademark or copyright law depends on whether its use is intended to identify the source of goods or services. If an image is used temporarily in an ad campaign, it generally is not the type of thing intended to be protected as a logo.

6.   The registration prcesses of copyright and trademark are entirely different. For copyright, the filing fee is small, the time to obtain registration is relatively short, and examination by the Copyright Office is limited to ensuring that the registration application is properly completed and suitable copies are attached. For trademark, the filing fee is more substantial, the time to obtain registration is much longer, and examination by the Trademark Office includes a substantive review of potentially conflicting marks which are found to be confusingly similar. While copyright registration is primarily an administrative process, trademark registration is very much an adversarial process.

7.   Copyright law provides for compulsory licensing and royalty payments - there is no analogous concept in trademark law. Plus, the tests and definition of infringement are considerably different under copyright law and trademark law.


=======


仔細讀過,他們在法律上所約束的object有很大的差別。TradeMark的申請比較複雜,而且通常是用於商業用途。

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拿督

發表於 2006-8-15 15:03:49 |顯示全部樓層
谢谢JACK和CHINGKC,可惜我英语太差了,无法100%理解.


A.如果我自己设计一张新春卡片,在没有去进行任何注册手续情况下,却在卡片背后注明 ©all right reserved或者®的标志,可行吗?


B.我自己设计一张新春卡片,在卡片上没有放上任何©和®的标志.
如果有一天我发现有人杪袭我的设计,我可不可以告他?
(相信是无法发他吧?)


C.如AHHOW的作品中有放上®在中间,如果我拿来用了,会怎样?


:[22]:  :[22]: 再次谢谢 :[22]:  :[22]:

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PJK有功人士

發表於 2006-9-12 17:10:01 |顯示全部樓層
® =Register、© =Copyright、™ =Trade Mark

® 是國際上通用注冊商標標記,是英語單詞“ register ”首寫大寫字母,表示已經批准注冊的商標;

™ 是英語單詞“ Trade Mark”首寫字母的縮寫,表示所標注的是商標,可能是未注冊商標或者正在申請注冊過程中的商標。

© 是英語單詞“ Copyright ”首寫字母的縮寫,是國際上規定印刷出版物的版權符號。


有些國家對於商標標示有具體規範,如美國商標法(Lanham Act)及中國大陸商標法實施條例均有明文規範,有些國家則未以法令規範;目前最普遍的商標標示為®及™,前者係表示已取得商標註冊,™則表示係為商標使用,一般使用於尚未取得註冊之商標(有些国家是不认可™的)。

值得注意的是,在美國,倘商標所有權人未依規定予以適當標示,則將會影響侵害訴訟案之損害賠償金額,即,如商標所有人未有標示,則對於侵權者之求償範圍將僅限於侵權者收到其註冊通知(例警告函)後之侵權行為,因此在取得美國聯邦商標註冊後,商標所有人務必留意於商品、包裝、宣傳廣告等資料進行適當標示,以確保權益。




http://www.saint-island.com.tw/ch/ip_report/IPR_200508.htm
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